Julio-Claudian dynasty - Wikipedia
In Nero's sadistic world, burning Christians and wild orgies were She embarked on her third marriage, to the Emperor Claudius, in AD Nero and Agrippa reportedly had incestuous relations, and after her murder he allegedly praised the corpse's beauty. Nero lived a life of infamy. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa: Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, powerful deputy of In his own interest he scrupulously maintained a subordinate role in relation to was the mother of one emperor (Caligula) and the grandmother of another (Nero) .
Agrippa went immediately to Mytilene on the island of Lesbos, from which he administered affairs in the East. It has been argued whether the Senate in 23 gave him an imperium greater than that of any other provincial governor in the East imperium majus.
Agrippa was soon back in Rome to act on behalf of the emperor, who himself left for the East in In Spain he finally subdued the recalcitrant Cantabrians. Returning to Rome in 18, Agrippa received the power of a tribune tribunicia potestaswhich Augustus also possessed.
Agrippina the Younger - Wikipedia
Perhaps, too, he received an imperium majus, if he had not been granted it in In 15 he accepted an invitation from Herod I the Great to visit Judaea; while in the East, he established colonies of veterans at Berytus and Heliopolis, in Lebanon.
He next settled an uprising in the Bosporan kingdom on the Black Sea and set up the cultivated dynast Polemo as king. Herod led a fleet to support Agrippa in the Bosporan affair, and, when it was over, the two traveled together along the coast of western Asia Minor.
Troubles in Pannonia required his presence, but the rigours of the winter of 13—12 caused a fatal illness; he died in March of 12 bc. Augustus delivered a funeral oration in honour of his colleague; a fragment of that oration, in Greek translation, has recently come to light. Agrippa deserved the honours Augustus heaped upon him.
Agrippina the Younger
It is conceivable that without Agrippa, Octavian would never have become emperor. Rome remembered him for his generosity in attending to aqueducts, sewers, and baths; and in the mids he completed the celebrated Pantheon.
While Nero had retained some control of the situation, support for Galba increased despite his being officially declared a public enemy "hostis publicus" . The prefect of the Praetorian GuardGaius Nymphidius Sabinusalso abandoned his allegiance to the Emperor and came out in support of Galba.
In response, Nero fled Rome with the intention of going to the port of Ostia and, from there, to take a fleet to one of the still-loyal eastern provinces. According to Suetonius, Nero abandoned the idea when some army officers openly refused to obey his commands, responding with a line from Virgil 's Aeneid: Suetonius reports that the text of this speech was later found in Nero's writing desk, but that he dared not give it from fear of being torn to pieces before he could reach the Forum.
After sleeping, he awoke at about midnight to find the palace guard had left. Dispatching messages to his friends' palace chambers for them to come, he received no answers. Upon going to their chambers personally, he found them all abandoned.
Mythbusting Ancient Rome – the emperor Nero
When he called for a gladiator or anyone else adept with a sword to kill him, no one appeared. He cried, "Have I neither friend nor foe? An imperial freedman, Phaonoffered his villa, located four miles outside the city. Travelling in disguise, Nero and four loyal freedmenEpaphroditosPhaonNeophytusand Sporusreached the villa, where Nero ordered them to dig a grave for him.
At this time, a courier arrived with a report that the Senate had declared Nero a public enemy and that it was their intention to execute him by beating him to death and that armed men had been sent to apprehend him for the act to take place in the Forum. The Senate actually was still reluctant and deliberating on the right course of action as Nero was the last member of the Julio-Claudian Family. Indeed, most of the senators had served the imperial family all their lives and felt a sense of loyalty to the deified bloodline, if not to Nero himself.
The men actually had the goal of returning Nero back to the Senate, where the Senate hoped to work out a compromise with the rebelling governors that would preserve Nero's life, so that at least a future heir to the dynasty could be produced. At last, the sound of approaching horsemen drove Nero to face the end. However, he still could not bring himself to take his own life but instead he forced his private secretary, Epaphroditosto perform the task.
An illustration of the alleged tomb of Nero; actually tomb of proconsul Caius Vibius Marianus. When one of the horsemen entered and saw that Nero was dying, he attempted to stop the bleeding, but efforts to save Nero's life were unsuccessful.
Nero's final words were "Too late! Chaos would ensue in the year of the Four Emperors. Artwork portraying Nero rising to divine status after his death. Tacitus mentions that Nero's death was welcomed by Senators, nobility and the upper class.
Varner, over fifty such images survive. Otho was said to be liked by many soldiers because he had been a friend of Nero's and resembled him somewhat in temperament.
Vitellius began his reign with a large funeral for Nero complete with songs written by Nero. The legend of Nero's return lasted for hundreds of years after Nero's death. Augustine of Hippo wrote of the legend as a popular belief in The first, who sang and played the cithara or lyre and whose face was similar to that of the dead emperor, appeared in 69 during the reign of Vitellius.
He was supported by the Parthians, who only reluctantly gave him up,  and the matter almost came to war. The client state arrangement was unlikely to survive the death of the former Emperor.
Prasutagus' will leaving control of the Iceni to his wife Boudicca was denied, and, when Catus Decianus scourged Boudicca and raped her daughters, the Iceni revolted. The governor of the province Gaius Suetonius Paulinus assembled his remaining forces and defeated the Britons and restored order but for a while Nero considered abandoning the province.
Classicianus advised Nero to replace Paulinus, who continued to punish the population even after the rebellion was over. Roman—Parthian War of 58—63 Nero began preparing for war in the early years of his reign, after the Parthian king Vologeses set his brother Tiridates on the Armenian throne. Tigranes was chosen to replace Tiridates on the Armenian throne.
The Roman victory came at a time when the Parthians were troubled by revolts; when this was dealt with they were able to devote resources to the Armenian situation. A Roman army under Paetus surrendered under humiliating circumstances and though both Roman and Parthian forces withdrew from Armenia, it was under Parthian control. The triumphal arch for Corbulo's earlier victory was part-built when Parthian envoys arrived in 63 AD to discuss treaties.
Given imperium over the eastern regions, Corbulo organised his forces for an invasion but was met by this Parthian delegation.Nero Roman Emperor (Documentary)
An agreement was thereafter reached with the Parthians: