Slovenia, Slovakia, and the constant confusion between the two - BBC News
A look at the Czech and Slovak Republics twenty years after the Velvet Divorce. While Czech and Slovak relations were not on the whole marked by the . David, who watches Slovak TV shows, said he had no problems. The split of Czechoslovakia on January 1, was not entirely inevitable, but the but problems in the Czech-Slovak relations took place at a time when there . Basic Features of the Development of the Czech Republic and Slovakia . selected topics is not exhaustive but it can be considered sufficiently representative.
Unlike Brexit, the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic was not preceded by a public referendum, but was a mere political decision by the newly elected main political parties of both countries. There were numerous reasons leading to the splitting of Czechoslovakia, one of them being the uneven distribution of power as Slovak wishes for a more decentralized system were never granted.
The breakup of two countries is a break up like any other. You divide the assets, the people, the money, decide on how you want to be named afterward, and hope to remain friends with your neighbours.
Division of assets The splitting of federal assets during the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic was executed in accordance with two main principles — the territoriality principle and the population ratio principle the ratio between the Czech and Slovak population was approximately 2 to 1. It was agreed that all federal real estate would be allocated to the country where it was located, including any movable assets attached to it.
Most of the other assets, including financial reserves, art collections and state debts, were divided by a 2: Citizenship and residency From a Brexit perspective, residency and citizenship after the split of Czechoslovakia were not a complicated question.
All citizens of the former federal republic were granted residency according to their existing residency records and were effectively granted the option to choose between Czech or Slovak citizenship. The question regarding work and residency permits is among the most discussed questions in Slovakia relating to Brexit. It is estimated that there are up toSlovaks living in Great Britain, mostly working or studying, but many already establishing their homes and families.
EU law after Brexit From a legal point of view, one of the biggest challenges of Brexit is to ensure legal continuity in the legal system, which has incorporated many EU laws and regulations over the years.
The Split of Czechoslovakia: A Defeat or a Victory?
This is viewed as the standard approach in international law and was also used in the process of dissolving Czechoslovakia. In general, all pre-independence laws that were not in breach of the new constitution of each newly established country became part of its legal system. Some of the federal laws, albeit in amended versions, remain in effect even today, almost 25 years after the split. Subsequent changes to the laws have been the biggest downfall to this approach.
Even though the Czech Republic and Slovakia had the same legal system when they were created, amendments and enactments of new laws have pushed the legal systems further apart each year. Nevertheless, Slovak legislators are often inspired by Czech laws and vice versa.
Info The Split of Czechoslovakia: A Defeat or a Victory? Mutual historical grievances 2. The asymmetrical nature of a two-state federation 3. Incompatible political spectrums after the elections 5. Czech and Slovak nationalism 4. A lack of democratic experience in both countries Mutual historical grievances. The Slovaks did not embrace the concept of Czechoslovakism, which was advocated by Czech leaders after Although many appreciated economic and educational assistance that the Czech lands offered during the first republic and beforethey were critical of the patronizing attitudes of many Czech leaders and the unwillingness of Czech political elites to grant Slovakia more autonomy.
The Czechs, on the other hand, never forgot what they saw as a betrayal on part of Slovakia inwhen Slovakia formed a state of its own under Nazi protection. Later, the fact that after WWII the Slovaks did not show enough gratitude for not ending up on the list the defeated nations—because Slovakia was included in Czechoslovakia again—was also occasionally criticized.
During the era of communism, many Czechs believed that the Czech lands were paying—through huge transfers—for the economic development of Slovakia.
The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia - Are there any lessons for Brexit?
Many also did not see the creation of the Czechoslovak federation in favorably. Common wisdom had it that the Slovaks were punished much less after the invasion of Czechoslovakia in and that, in fact, Slovakia benefited from the invasion.
The era of normalization was closely associated with Gustav Husak, a Slovak. A political asymmetry was created in the form of the Slovak Communist Party that had no counterpart in the Czech Republic. The Slovaks, on the other hand, complained of Pragocentrism, which did not diminish even during the communist era. The asymmetrical nature of a two-state federation.
A federation consisting of two states of unequal size would be a difficult concept even for highly developed democracies. The Federal Assembly, as created by the constitutional amendment ofwas set up in a way that was bound to produce serious problems once the country has regained democracy.
The deficiencies of a two-state federation were suppressed by the centralized communist rule between and However, once the federal institutions were able to work in a politically free environment, they began producing problems. First, there was initially a serious lack of clarity with regard to the division of powers between institutions on the republican level and federal institutions.
Czechoslovak divorce helped relations says Prague Slovak | Radio Prague
Second, the upper house of the Federal Assembly—the House of Nations—could in effect block meaningful reforms. The growing inability of the Federal Assembly to pass necessary federal laws was perhaps the most visible symbol of a growing decision-making paralysis.
At the same time, power was gradually shifting from the federal government to the republican governments. Incompatible political spectrums after the elections. Soon after the fall of communism—certainly after the June elections—it became obvious that the two republics were developing different political spectrums.
While in the Czech Republic the Communist Party did not reform itself, and the Social Democratic Party was newly re created from below, the Slovak democratic left was represented by the reformed Communist Party. In the elections, political parties that described themselves as center-right prevailed in the Czech Republic, while leftist and nationalist parties were the winners in Slovakia.
It became virtually impossible to create a functioning federal government. Czech and Slovak nationalism.You Know You are Dating a CZECH Woman When...
Although much has been said and written about Slovak nationalism, there was also a version of Czech nationalism.
The Czechs seemed to identify much more than the Slovaks with the idea of Czechoslovakia, but it can be argued that Czechoslovakia was more acceptable for them, among other reasons, because the Czechs had a privileged position in the two-state federation, in which the other nation was half the size of the Czech nation.
While Slovak nationalism was active—an expression of nation-building in a country that had not had the kind of historical experience with its own statehood that the Czechs had, Czech nationalism was defensive.
In other words, while no significant Czech political parties actively strove for independence or greater autonomy, many Czech politicians were intellectually invested in the idea of Czechoslovakia in which the Czechs—by definition—are the more senior nation. Some Czech politicians also believed that Slovakia is an economic burden for the Czechs.