Vassal | feudalism | sport-statistik.info
The relationship between Lord and vassal. The history has changed a lot after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The rulers who ruled the lands now ran. This lasted for your lifetime, but because it was an oath between lord and vassal, either party had some ability to end the agreement. In this lesson you will explore the system of lords and vassals that changed Japanese Then, you will test your understanding with a brief quiz.
And then the count can then be the lord of someone else, of their vassals. And this goes on and on and on, all the way until you get down to the level of the serfs and the peasants, who are actually doing the work.
But the main idea here is that in exchange for land, the king gave his duke a duchy, or maybe the king's father gave this duke's father this duchy, and so this grant of land, this is called a fief, a critical term in the feudal system. This county here, this is a fief.
In exchange for that, the vassal gives the lord resources, taxes, and loyalty. Now the way I drew it here, it seems quite organized and clean, but the reality of it, it isn't that clean. Sometimes, a kingdom might directly, some parts of it might be subdivided into duchies, some of it might be divided into a county that is independent of any duchy.
You might have another duchy right over here that is not subdivided into counties. You might have one count that is more powerful than another count, or one count that might even be more powerful than a duke someplace else. So it can actually be quite chaotic and hard to keep track of. And this isn't all of the players. I mentioned some of the titles of nobility, like duke and count, and then below count you might have a baron. In England, the equivalent of count was an earl, who still presided over a county and their wife was a countess.
And when I say preside, they had almost full control over it. They would even give justice over the people who happen to be within their fiefdom. Now, I started this video showing a picture of a knight on horseback and knights are probably one of the strongest association with medieval times, so many of you are probably thinking, where do knights fit into this?
The knight refers to slightly different things, depending on what region you are in or what time period within the Middle Ages, but it generally refers to a mounted soldier, someone skilled in fighting, someone who might have knight's armor. But over time, it became a prestigious title that was given by a monarch or by a lord in exchange for service, oftentimes military service.
You might have a knight who is granted a fief from, say, this count right over here, and say, they might be lord of their own manor. They might have their own serfs who are not quite slaves, but they're bonded laborers who cannot leave and don't have a lot of rights, working the field. You might have other knights who got the title but did not get the land. And to complicate things further, any of these characters can have multiple titles. For example, this duke might also be knighted. Now, it's worth noting that these titles of nobility, duke, count, baron, earl, these tended to be hereditary.
You would pass it down from one generation to the next, as long as the next generation pledged fealty to their lord.
The title knight, however, was given for service and did not tend to be passed down from generation to generation. And to be clear, these still aren't all the actors here. You also have the church, which during medieval times, was a very powerful institution. At the top of the church, you had the bishop of Rome, also known as the pope, and you had their bishops in significant regions.
You also had monastic orders, where you might have an abbot, who is the head of a monastery, where you have monks, who, as part of that monastery, are praying. They might be farming, they might be copying texts. And there's also power dynamics between these. And as we're about to see, you can even have these non-religious figures pledging fealty to religious figures.
So just to get a sense of what these pledges of fealty were like. You have a vassal. In this homage ceremony, homage, or sometimes said homage, it really comes from the French word, homme, which refers to man. So he is pledging to be his lord's man.
So this would be the lord right over here. And this is an actual pledge given by Bernard Atton, Viscount of Carcassonne, in the year in France.
Feudal system during the Middle Ages
But he knew the corners of his empire not as easy to reach as the Romans this had done. Feudalism had to be the solution. But it made the King also depends on. When feudalism gave the King or Emperor parts of his country on loan at lower gentlemen. The so-called feudal Lord.
These Lords gave parts of their country, in turn, on loan at vassals. A vassal is also known as a vassal. The vassals were mostly first free men who had become Knight. They had the men well during battles or wars.
The relationship between Lord and vassal
The vassals swore lifelong loyalty to their Lords. This usually meant that they had to perform military service on horseback. They were so Knights in the service of their Lord. To the gentlemen and vassals had to keep an eye on Charlemagne divided his empire into several parts. These parts we call gaue. All these parts were assigned to an Earl or Duke. The counts and Dukes were often a castle and were allowed to tax.
Reading Comprehension | Verbal Test Questions and Answers : Question | Lofoya
There were two different tombs: The zend graves constantly had to travel to the gentlemen. They could make laws and were allowed to check if these laws were implemented. This did not work always.
There were always parts of the country where the count could not assert his power. The main parts were the monasteries. The monks who lived here had only to obey the Pope.