Dual relationship in social work code of ethics

Ethics Corner: Ethical Considerations with Dual Relationship (1 of 2) | sport-statistik.info

dual relationship in social work code of ethics

The NASW Code of Ethics page 9 states: “Social workers should not engage in dual or multiple relationships with clients or former clients. Further research is needed on the ethics of dual relationships in social work Incontrovertibly, studies on NASW Codes of Ethics have dealt with " beliefs. Boundary issues occur when social workers face possible conflicts of The NASW Code of Ethics includes the core values of service and.

In general, all ethical standards in this Code of Ethics are applicable to interactions, relationships, or communications, whether they occur in person or with the use of technology.

Technology-assisted social work services encompass all aspects of social work practice, including psychotherapy; individual, family, or group counseling; community organization; administration; advocacy; mediation; education; supervision; research; evaluation; and other social work services.

Social workers should keep apprised of emerging technological developments that may be used in social work practice and how various ethical standards apply to them.

Ethical Principles The following broad ethical principles are based on social work's core values of service, social justice, dignity and worth of the person, importance of human relationships, integrity, and competence. These principles set forth ideals to which all social workers should aspire. Social workers' primary goal is to help people in need and to address social problems.

Social workers elevate service to others above self-interest. Social workers draw on their knowledge, values, and skills to help people in need and to address social problems. Social workers are encouraged to volunteer some portion of their professional skills with no expectation of significant financial return pro bono service.

Social Justice Ethical Principle: Social workers challenge social injustice. Social workers pursue social change, particularly with and on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals and groups of people. Social workers' social change efforts are focused primarily on issues of poverty, unemployment,discrimination, and other forms of social injustice.

These activities seek to promote sensitivity to and knowledge about oppression and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers strive to ensure access to needed information, services, and resources; equality of opportunity; and meaningful participation in decision making for all people.

Dignity and Worth of the Person Ethical Principle: Social workers respect the inherent dignity and worth of the person. Social workers treat each person in a caring and respectful fashion, mindful of individual differences and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers promote clients' socially responsible self-determination. Social workers seek to enhance clients' capacity and opportunity to change and to address their own needs.

Social workers are cognizant of their dual responsibility to clients and to the broader society. They seek to resolve conflicts between clients' interests and the broader society's interests in a socially responsible manner consistent with the values, ethical principles, and ethical standards of the profession.

Importance of Human Relationships Ethical Principle: Social workers recognize the central importance of human relationships. Social workers understand that relationships between and among people are an important vehicle for change.

Social workers engage people as partners in the helping process.

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Social workers seek to strengthen relationships among people in a purposeful effort to promote, restore, maintain, and enhance the well-being of individuals, families, social groups, organizations, and communities. Social workers behave in a trustworthy manner. Social workers are continually aware of the profession's mission, values, ethical principles, and ethical standards and practice in a manner consistent with them.

Social workers act honestly and responsibly and promote ethical practices on the part of the organizations with which they are affiliated. Social workers practice within their areas of competence and develop and enhance their professional expertise.

dual relationship in social work code of ethics

Social workers continually strive to increase their professional knowledge and skills and to apply them in practice.

Social workers should aspire to contribute to the knowledge base of the profession. Ethical Standards The following ethical standards are relevant to the professional activities of all social workers. These standards concern 1 social workers' ethical responsibilities to clients, 2 social workers' ethical responsibilities to colleagues, 3 social workers' ethical responsibilities in practice settings, 4 social workers' ethical responsibilities as professionals, 5 social workers' ethical responsibilities to the social work profession, and 6 social workers' ethical responsibilities to the broader society.

Some of the standards that follow are enforceable guidelines for professional conduct, and some are aspirational. The extent to which each standard is enforceable is a matter of professional judgment to be exercised by those responsible for reviewing alleged violations of ethical standards. Social Workers' Ethical Responsibilities to Clients 1.

Ethical Dilemmas Promotion

In general, clients' interests are primary. However, social workers' responsibility to the larger society or specific legal obligations may on limited occasions supersede the loyalty owed clients, and clients should be so advised.

Examples include when a social worker is required by law to report that a client has abused a child or has threatened to harm self or others.

dual relationship in social work code of ethics

Social workers may limit clients' right to self-determination when, in the social workers' professional judgment, clients' actions or potential actions pose a serious, foreseeable, and imminent risk to themselves or others. Social workers should use clear and understandable language to inform clients of the purpose of the services, risks related to the services, limits to services because of the requirements of a third-party payer, relevant costs, reasonable alternatives, clients' right to refuse or withdraw consent, and the time frame covered by the consent.

Social workers should provide clients with an opportunity to ask questions. This may include providing clients with a detailed verbal explanation or arranging for a qualified interpreter or translator whenever possible. In such instances social workers should seek to ensure that the third party acts in a manner consistent with clients' wishes and interests.

Social workers should take reasonable steps to enhance such clients' ability to give informed consent. If clients do not wish to use services provided through technology, social workers should help them identify alternate methods of service. Exceptions may arise when the search is for purposes of protecting the client or other people from serious, foreseeable, and imminent harm, or for other compelling professional reasons.

This includes an understanding of the special communication challenges when using technology and the ability to implement strategies to address these challenges. Social workers should assess cultural, environmental, economic, mental or physical ability, linguistic, and other issues that may affect the delivery or use of these services.

dual relationship in social work code of ethics

Social workers should inform clients when a real or potential conflict of interest arises and take reasonable steps to resolve the issue in a manner that makes the clients' interests primary and protects clients' interests to the greatest extent possible.

In some cases, protecting clients' interests may require termination of the professional relationship with proper referral of the client. In instances when dual or multiple relationships are unavoidable, social workers should take steps to protect clients and are responsible for setting clear, appropriate, and culturally sensitive boundaries.

Dual or multiple relationships occur when social workers relate to clients in more than one relationship, whether professional, social, or business. Dual or multiple relationships can occur simultaneously or consecutively. Social workers who anticipate a conflict of interest among the individuals receiving services or who anticipate having to perform in potentially conflicting roles for example, when a social worker is asked to testify in a child custody dispute or divorce proceedings involving clients should clarify their role with the parties involved and take appropriate action to minimize any conflict of interest.

Social workers should be aware that involvement in electronic communication with groups based on race, ethnicity, language, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, mental or physical ability, religion, immigration status, and other personal affiliations may affect their ability to work effectively with particular clients. Social workers should not solicit private information from or about clients except for compelling professional reasons.

Once private information is shared, standards of confidentiality apply. The general expectation that social workers will keep information confidential does not apply when disclosure is necessary to prevent serious, foreseeable, and imminent harm to a client or others.

In all instances, social workers should disclose the least amount of confidential information necessary to achieve the desired purpose; only information that is directly relevant to the purpose for which the disclosure is made should be revealed. This applies whether social workers disclose confidential information on the basis of a legal requirement or client consent. Social workers should review with clients circumstances where confidential information may be requested and where disclosure of confidential information may be legally required.

This discussion should occur as soon as possible in the social worker-client relationship and as needed throughout the course of the relationship. This agreement should include consideration of whether confidential information may be exchanged in person or electronically, among clients or with others outside of formal counseling sessions.

Social workers should inform participants in family, couples, or group counseling that social workers cannot guarantee that all participants will honor such agreements. Social workers should not discuss confidential information in public or semi-public areas such as hallways, waiting rooms, elevators, and restaurants. When a court of law or other legally authorized body orders social workers to disclose confidential or privileged information without a client's consent and such disclosure could cause harm to the client, social workers should request that the court withdraw the order or limit the order as narrowly as possible or maintain the records under seal, unavailable for public inspection.

Social workers should take reasonable steps to ensure that clients' records are stored in a secure location and that clients' records are not available to others who are not authorized to have access.

Social workers should use applicable safeguards such as encryption, firewalls, and passwords when using electronic communications such as e-mail, online posts, online chat sessions, mobile communication, and text messages.

Social workers who are concerned that clients' access to their records could cause serious misunderstanding or harm to the client should provide assistance in interpreting the records and consultation with the client regarding the records.

Social workers should limit clients' access to their records, or portions of their records, only in exceptional circumstances when there is compelling evidence that such access would cause serious harm to the client.

Both clients' requests and the rationale for withholding some or all of the record should be documented in clients' files. Sexual activity or sexual contact with clients' relatives or other individuals with whom clients maintain a personal relationship has the potential to be harmful to the client and may make it difficult for the social worker and client to maintain appropriate professional boundaries.

Client Relationships and Ethical Boundaries for Social Workers in Child Welfare - sport-statistik.info

Social workers--not their clients, their clients' relatives, or other individuals with whom the client maintains a personal relationship--assume the full burden for setting clear, appropriate, and culturally sensitive boundaries. If social workers engage in conduct contrary to this prohibition or claim that an exception to this prohibition is warranted because of extraordinary circumstances, it is social workers--not their clients--who assume the full burden of demonstrating that the former client has not been exploited, coerced, or manipulated, intentionally or unintentionally.

Providing clinical services to a former sexual partner has the potential to be harmful to the individual and is likely to make it difficult for the social worker and individual to maintain appropriate professional boundaries.

Social workers who engage in appropriate physical contact with clients are responsible for setting clear, appropriate, and culturally sensitive boundaries that govern such physical contact. Sexual harassment includes sexual advances; sexual solicitation; requests for sexual favors; and other verbal, written, electronic, or physical contact of a sexual nature.

Social workers should use accurate and respectful language in all communications to and about clients. Consideration should be given to clients' ability to pay. Bartering arrangements, particularly involving services, create the potential for conflicts of interest, exploitation, and inappropriate boundaries in social workers' relationships with clients.

She attends an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting in a local church and encounters one of her clients. The social worker must decide on the spot whether to stay at the meeting or leave.

Each of these situations involves what are commonly called boundary issues. Boundary issues occur when social workers establish more than one relationship with clients or former clients, whether professional, social, or business.

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These typically involve dual or multiple relationships. Not all dual and multiple relationships are unethical. For example, many social workers have had unanticipated or unavoidable contact with clients in supermarkets, at sporting events, or at the local library; ordinarily, these encounters are brief and fleeting and do not pose any significant ethical challenge.

Some boundary issues, however, raise serious and troubling ethical questions. The most egregious circumstances involve some kind of exploitation of clients, for example, when a social worker becomes sexually involved with a client. Historically, sexual misconduct accounts for a significant percentage of ethics complaints and lawsuits filed against social workers. Other circumstances involve more subtle boundary issues in which social workers may disagree about the appropriateness of the dual or multiple relationship.

For example, to what extent is it appropriate for social workers to share personal information with clients i. Is judicious self-disclosure acceptable in some circumstances? What about contact between social workers and clients in social settings? Would it be appropriate for a social worker to serve with a client on a church committee that they both joined coincidentally?

Contemporary research on boundary issues suggests that social workers face several major issues, including the following: